Type of Work

Research Paper

Publication Date



Following Spain’s inclusion of the new Trans Law into national law in March of 2023, feminist discourse online has split between trans exclusionary radical feminists (TERFs) and transfeminists. Transfeminist involves the combination of feminist and trans activism in order to support both movements, while biologism, the lens used by TERFs, states that trans women cannot be real women, and thus cannot be part of the feminist movement, because of their biological differences from cis women. Due to the emergence of TERF critiques of the Trans Law, activists have been turning to transfeminism to defend the new law. Three activists in particular, Angela Ponce, Penélope Guerrero, and Elizabeth Duval, have shown transfeminist activism on Instagram. This paper examines the Instagram profiles of these three trans activists and ultimately concludes that the activists achieve, challenge, or move beyond traditional notions of femininity to confront biologism.

Hamilton Areas of Study

Hispanic Studies

Hamilton Sponsoring Organization

Levitt Public Affairs Center

Hamilton Scholarship Series

Levitt Summer Research Group

Hamilton Faculty Advisor

Marcelo Carosi