Electron spin resonance of nitrogen-vacancy centers in optically trapped nanodiamonds
Type of Work
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Journal Title - Alternate
Using an optical tweezers apparatus, we demonstrate three-dimensional control of nanodiamonds in solution with simultaneous readout of ground-state electron-spin resonance (ESR) transitions in an ensemble of diamond nitrogen-vacancy (NV) color centers. Despite the motion and random orientation of NV centers suspended in the optical trap, we observe distinct peaks in the measured ESR spectra qualitatively similar to the same measurement in bulk. Accounting for the random dynamics, we model the ESR spectra observed in an externally applied magnetic field to enable d.c. magnetometry in solution. We estimate the d.c. magnetic field sensitivity based on variations in ESR line shapes to be ~50 microTesla/Hz^1/2. This technique may provide a pathway for spin-based magnetic, electric, and thermal sensing in fluidic environments and biophysical systems inaccessible to existing scanning probe techniques.
Horowitz, Viva R.; Alemán, Benjamin J.; Christle, David J.; Cleland, Andrew N.; and Awschalom, David D., "Electron spin resonance of nitrogen-vacancy centers in optically trapped nanodiamonds" (2012). Hamilton Digital Commons.
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