Type of Work

Research Paper - Limited Access

Publication Date



The Haudenosaunee (Iroquois) of Upstate New York are an Indigenous group of people that have inhabited what is now Upstate New York and surrounding areas centuries before the arrival of Eurpean settlers to the North American Continent. Comprised currently of six individual nations each forming what is known as the Iroquois Confederacy, the Nations are entwined with one another. However, this ethnography explores the nuances between each of the Nations; if and how they are differentiated by Haudenosaunee themselves, how Haudenosaunee interact with non-Native individuals, how individuals expressed themselves both in pragmatic (personal) and metapragmatic (public) settings, and especially what it means to be Haudenosaunee in the year 2019. This was accomplished with a combination of participant observation at public events, museums, and exhibits and by personal interviews with 18 Haudenosaunee individuals ranging in age from 16-75 mostly from the Seneca, Onondoga, Oneida and Mohawk Nations. All of the field sites were in Central New York State and were visited during the course of the summer of 2019.

Hamilton Areas of Study

Anthropology, Linguistics

Hamilton Sponsoring Organization

Levitt Public Affairs Center

Hamilton Scholarship Series

Levitt Summer Research Fellowship

Hamilton Faculty Advisor

Meredith Moss