Article Title

Measurement of the parity violating asymmetry A(gamma) in (n)over-right-arrow+p -> d+gamma

Type of Work

Article

Date

2-11-2000

Journal Title

Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research Section A-Accelerators Spectrometers Detectors and Associated Equipment

Journal ISSN

0168-9002

Journal Volume

440

Journal Issue

3

First Page

729

Last Page

735

DOI

10.1016/S0168-9002(99)01071-2

Abstract

The weak interaction between neutrons and protons has never been resolved experimentally. In analogy with the strong NN interaction, the weak NN interaction at low energy can be parametrized in terms of a meson exchange model with parity violating meson-nucleon couplings. Unlike the measured proton-proton weak interaction, the neutron-proton weak interaction is sensitive to the weak pion-nucleon coupling constant H-pi(1). This coupling, which is responsible for the longest-ranged part of the weak NN interaction and is therefore an essential part of any description of weak interactions in nuclei, remains undetermined despite many years of effort. A measurement of the gamma ray directional asymmetry A(gamma) in the capture of polarized neutrons by parahydrogen has been proposed at Los Alamos National Laboratory. The goal of this experiment is to determine A(gamma) with a relative standard uncertainty of < 5 x 10(-9), which is smaller than all modern predictions for the size of the asymmetry. The design of the experiment is presented, with an emphasis on the techniques used for controlling systematic errors. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

Hamilton Areas of Study

Physics